Unitsky String Technologies

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The forthcoming world reality






Dr. Anatoly Yunitskiy
About the Author


You are on the personal website of engineer Anatoly Yunitskiy, author and General designer of Unitsky String Technologies (UST), the only effective instrument to solve many global challenges, which our civilization faced in the 21st century.

I devoted about 40 years of intensive work to the creation of UST. Three generations of the technology are already in the past. They laid the theoretical and experimental basis for the fourth generation of string technologies, developed under my leadership by a team of engineers, designers and researchers over the past five years (2011-2015). It is decided to enter the world market notably with this, the most progressive generation of the innovative transport and infrastructure technology, called the "SkyWay".

The goals and objectives of the SkyWay project take their origin in the history of the technology creation about 50 years ago, in the remote Soviet past. When a schoolboy, living in Jezkazgan, near the Baikonur Cosmodrome, I was fascinated by rocket modeling and studying the writings of the founder of modern astronautics Konstantin Tsiolkovsky. My successes in this area were noted at the highest level. However, the deeper I submerged into the problem, the clearer the shortcomings of the modern strategy of space exploration became to me. However, I clearly understood that the mankind had no other way of development except for the transfer of environmentally dangerous part of the Earth's industry beyond the biosphere limits, into the near outer space.

Primitive people that started to burn first fires in their caves poisoned themselves with carbon monoxide and carcinogens dying from lung cancer at the age of 20. But they dawned upon to take their available technologies - fire, grilling of meat on charcoal, leather processing - outside of their homes. Therefore, they were able to survive. We are in the same position now - to survive tomorrow, we will need to take the industrial technosphere outside the limits of the natural biosphere. Otherwise, our common home - the biosphere - will inevitably and inexorably be destroyed in the same niche by the industry that our rapidly growing technocratic civilization creates and develops on the planet.

My proposed technical solution of the problem consists in the program of a non-rocket propelled industrialization of space, first introduced to millions of readers in 1982. The international scientific community welcomed my initiative enthusiastically. Its prominent members were the participants of the First International conference on non-rocket space exploration (city of Gomel, 1988). The USSR State Cinema Committee produced the scientific-popular film "To the sky by wheel" based on my suggested program. It was shown in cinemas in the Soviet Union and abroad.

Even earlier, in the 1970s, I was seriously engaged in the analysis of ground transport, setting myself the following task: "It is necessary to design an optimal transport. It should harmoniously fit into the conditions of our actual physical world allowing to move as fast as possible with minimal impact on the environment and harm caused to it".

The most important and significant science for the creation of a high-speed transport (speed over 350 km/h) moving in the air, was aerodynamics, as more than 90% of the vehicle drive power is spent on overcoming aerodynamic drag. The main problem faced by all types of land high-speed transport, is the screen effect. This effect consists in a sharp increase of aerodynamic drag near the s˝reening surface (land, water and road) due to the dynamic blowdown of air under the vehicle bottom. The screen effect at least twice decreases aerodynamic features. The conclusion arose by itself. To improve aerodynamics of the high-speed transport twice, suffice it to eliminate the screen effect. This is achieved by raising a vehicle above the ground.

Of all the known variants of building roads over the land, only overpasses remain suitable. However, apart from the fact that a conventional flyover is very material-intensive and expensive, it has a solid roadbed. Therefore, the screen effect is not eliminated even in it. To achieve optimal motion conditions for the high-speed rolling stock, I had to remove a solid roadbed and leave only narrow strips for wheels rolling. In this case, if the track structure is continuous, without expansion joints along the length, it is possible to increase the carrying capacity of the overpass twice. In order to exclude the compression and buckling, the load-bearing structure of the overpass had to be stretched in the longitudinal direction, that is made pre-stressed. Thus the idea of a string rail was formed.

A string rail with a bunch of bearing reinforcement (strings) stretched in the longitudinal direction at its core allows not only to remove the screen effect, but also to increase by 8 times the bearing capacity of the supports on which it is mounted. This means that supports can be ten times less costly as the weight load from a lightweight trestle will be tenfold less than in traditional beam bridges. This solution turned out to be optimal both from the point of view of minimizing aerodynamic resistance and from the point of view of reducing capital costs for the construction of roads compared with all known alternatives - earthen embankment, tunnel, conventional beam trestle.

Further studies allowed to improve the aerodynamics of the rail vehicle called later a "unibus". Its aerodynamic drag coefficient has been reduced to 0.05 (for example, in the most expensive and fastest car "Bugatti" this coefficient is equal to 0.38), which is close to the theoretical limit, equal to 0.04. These results were obtained experimentally, by multiple blowdowns in a wind tunnel and patented.

It remained to solve the problem of overcoming the resistance to wheel rolling, which consumes about 1/10 of energy during a high-speed driving (9/10 goes on aerodynamics). This solution was borrowed from the railway transport that uses the most effective system of the rolling stock resting on the track structure: "Steel wheel - Steel rail". Such system has the efficiency factor equal to 99.8%, as a force of two kilograms can move a truck weighing one ton along a horizontal rail track. Losses here are ten times less than in the system "Pneumatic tyre - Asphalt-concrete roadbed". At high speed it is twenty times less. In addition, it is by times less in comparison with other systems - air and magnetic cushions, including the fact that they have the screen effect.

Thus, there was created the concept of the optimal elevated transport system, later called SkyWay. The main elements of such a track are: 1) a continuous pre-stressed string-rail overpass; 2) rail vehicles on steel wheels with high aerodynamics, equipped with the anti-derailment system and having an intelligent system of safety, control, power supply and communications.

Each term in the UST definition is its hallmark and has a profound physical and technological meaning: (1) overpass, (2) continuous, (3) preliminary, (4) stressed, (5) rail, (6) string, (7) vehicle, (8) rail-shaped, (9) wheel, (10) steel, (11) high aerodynamic features, (12) anti-derailment system, (13) intelligent systems of - (14) safety, (15) control, (16) power supply, (17) communications. These 17 distinctions make the SkyWay transport system optimal and no other land transportation system can be more efficient if we assume that the laws of physics will remain the laws of physics in the future.

Then I realized that this engineering optimization has allowed to create not only the most efficient transport, but also the safest and most environmentally friendly one. This becomes especially obvious if we use the scale factor. In particular, if an alternative world transport-infrastructure network Transnet is built by the SkyWay technologies in the coming decades, it will save till the end of the century about 100 million human lives, which, otherwise, will die in traffic accidents. And nearly 1 billion people will not become disabled and crippled. The land users will get back over five territories of Great Britain - that is how much area of soil is "rolled" today into the asphalt and "buried" under the sleepers. The area of soil by ten times more will be saved from environmental degradation. Hundreds of billions of tons of fuel worth of hundreds of trillions of dollars will be saved and the engines of cars, locomotives and aircraft will not burn trillions of tons of atmospheric oxygen, necessary for all of us to breathe.

Unfortunately, over the years of my personal experience I realized that the majority of States, banks, venture funds, oligarchs, major investors and transport monopolies did not need the transport system invented by me. It is not in their interests to change the established balance of forces and priorities. When they come, they do it with only one purpose - without investing, to try to take away or destroy what was done not by them and not for their money. That way it happened in Russia in 2009, when our test site was destroyed in the town of Ozyory, Moscow region, or in Australia in 2011, where our business was ruined, or in Lithuania in 2014, where unfair competitors have tried to sculpt out of me a "Russian spy" with the "SkyWay legend ", "developed at the Lubyanka". Fortunately, this does not apply to all States.

The State, which is able to provide the conditions for implementing the project designed by me, should adhere to the policy independent from the interests of large international corporations and be interested in the development of the new branch-creating technology. Neither Russia, with its resource-based economy, nor Australia, where so much depends on the interests of Britain, nor Lithuania, which has just entered the EU and therefore is unable to determine its own destiny - could have done this. Apparently, this is the Providence that the SkyWay technology, invented by me for the ordinary people, should be brought to life by the collective will of these very people and not just anywhere, but in my homeland, in the Republic of Belarus. It is just this country that despite the numerous sanctions and other obstacles created by unscrupulous politicians and international corporations, relentlessly continues to seek its own path and develops an independent socially oriented economy for many years. It is symbolic that Belarus, as no other country, experienced all the consequences of the technogenic disaster at the Chernobyl Atomic Electric Power Station. I see a special sign in the fact that the SkyWay technology, aimed at the creation of a safer, more comfortable and clean environment for all people on our beautiful planet, will be brought to life here.

In 2014 a large-scale capitalization of SkyWay technologies using crowd-investing was launched for the first time. For this purpose the intellectual property and know-how developed over the previous 38 years, are "packaged" properly and delivered into the British jurisdiction. They are evaluated as independent property by independent appraisers, having international licenses, and contributed to the authorized capital of the parent company. Therefore, the owner of these hundreds of know-how and exclusive rights on them is now not the author but this company. The author of the SkyWay technologies is naturally one of the co-founders of that company. Anyone who invests in the development of the technology can become a co-owner of the company and its intellectual property. Today such co-owners are already tens of thousands of ordinary people, thanks to whom and for which the SkyWay project is becoming a reality.

A priority for all of us is the completion of the demonstration and test complex of the SkyWay technology - EcoTechnoPark - at the scheduled time: fall of 2016 - the first stage, fall of 2017 - the second stage. The construction of EcoTechnoPark is under way on a land plot of about 36 hectares allocated for the construction of test sections of the complex by the authorities of the Republic of Belarus in the Minsk region, near the town of Maryina Gorka. This will be the place of certification and demonstration to the whole world of technical and economic advantages of the technology in three transport market segments: cargo, urban and high-speed intercity (speed up to 500 km/h).

To complete the project successfully, all of us, put together, would need to convince only about 1 million of investors from 50 countries (about 0.01% of the Earth's population) to invest in the technology certification 20 thousand Russian roubles each. Alternatively, 100 thousand investors (about 0.001% of the population) - 200 thousand each. And then we, together with the investors that became co-owners of the breakthrough technology, will enter the world market, primarily the Russian one, from where the main inflow of investments come, with new transport product, surpassing everyone and forever.

Anyone can become a co-owner of the technology by the moment of introducing the high-tech and fast-growing group of companies on the world's largest market with the breakthrough transport and infrastructure technology. Already today we have a portfolio of pre-orders for USD 100 billion. In one year, after visiting the salesroom of the SkyWay technology in Belarus, customers will undoubtedly sign contracts. And 5% of down payments, which is five billion dollars, will pay back almost ten times in one day USD 500 million of investments - previous and current ones. We will enter the IPO. Our shares will be worth at face value. Thousands of our shareholders will become dollar millionaires, more than a dozen - billionaires. I will also be among them.

Then I want to invest all of my personally earned money in the development of the space program Space Way. Nobody is ready to finance this program today - neither Russia with its Roscosmos, nor the United States of America with their NASA, nor the United Nations. However, only research and development work under this program will require about USD 100 billion of investments.

The implementation of the program Space Way with its estimated cost amounting to a trillion of dollars, will ensure the transition of Earth's civilization to a new stage of development. It will become a space civilization with its industries taken outside its home - the biosphere of the planet Earth. Our civilization and consequently our grandchildren and great-grandchildren will obtain unlimited possibilities for further technological development without conflicts between the Earth's Biosphere, created by God, and Industrial Technosphere, created by Homo Sapiens. That is why my motto is: "Build SkyWay - save the planet!"

More detailed information can be found on the website rsw-systems.com and in the author's report "Goals and objectives of SkyWay project".

Engineer Anatoly Yunitskiy,
address for contact: info@yunitskiy.com



17 January 2017
The Governor of the Ulyanovsk region Sergey Morozov: SkyWay may connect airports of Ulyanovsk

16 January 2017
The schedule of online conferences from 16 January to 22 January

15 January 2017
Safety of SkyWay transport systems

13 January 2017
SkyWay technology as solution to transport problems

12 January 2017
EcoTechnoPark: delegation from the Belarusian Academy of Sciences

11 January 2017
Turkish delegation in EcoTechnoPark

9 January 2017
The schedule of online conferences from 9 January to 15 January

8 January 2017
The pocket calendars

5 January 2017
The SkyWay calendar for 2017

3 January 2017
SkyWay by eyes of children

2 January 2017
The schedule of online conferences from 2 January to 8 January

1 January 2017
Skyway daily planner for January

31 December 2016
Happy New Year!

29 December 2016
SkyWay is the answer to the challenge of time

28 December 2016
SkyWay ˝ertification: next stage

27 December 2016
Representatives from Mogilev in SkyWay EcoTechnoPark

26 December 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 26 December to 30 December

25 December 2016
Meeting with Minister of transport of India

24 December 2016
The Academy of Sciences got interested in SkyWay research and development

22 December 2016
EcoTechnoPark is one of the most exciting infrastructure projects in Belarus

21 December 2016
Visit of international delegation to EcoTechnoPark

20 December 2016
EcoTechnoPark: freight route construction continues

19 December 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 19 December to 25 December

18 December 2016
SkyWay is appreciated in Lithuania

17 December 2016
Turkey is considering possibility of implementing SkyWay

16 December 2016
SkyWay EcoTechnoPark: installation, testing and first results

12 December 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 12 December to 18 December

10 December 2016
SkyWay Transport Australia at operation trials of unibike in Minsk

9 December 2016
SkyWay: yesterday and today

8 December 2016
BelTV about SkyWay

7 December 2016
SkyWay proceeds to final stage of certification

5 December 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 5 December to 11 December

4 December 2016
The exhibition "Transport of Russia"

3 December 2016
International delegation reviewed SkyWay achievements

2 December 2016
EcoTechnoPark: first kilometers on the Sky Way

1 December 2016
EcoTechnoPark: lightweight urban SkyWay track in operation

30 November 2016
EcoTechnoPark: start of operation trials

29 November 2016
SkyWay Unibike - Let's Ride!

28 November 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 28 November to 4 December

27 November 2016
SkyWay and cTrain

26 November 2016
SkyWay trusses stretch out along string

25 November 2016
Transport will change to uncontrollability in the near future

24 November 2016
Control systems of SkyWay transport complex

23 November 2016
Introduction to Unibike

22 November 2016
EcoTechnoPark: installation of trusses

21 November 2016
The schedule of online conferences from 21 November to 27 November

20 November 2016
SkyWay Eco-Friendliness

19 November 2016
Items to be tested at EcoTechnoPark

18 November 2016
Chassis layout of SkyWay passenger unibus

17 November 2016
SkyWay: Citius, Altius, Fortius!

16 November 2016
Transportation capacity of innovative SkyWay transport system

15 November 2016
Advantages of high-speed SkyWay over magnetic levitation train

14 November 2016
The schedule of conferences from 14 November to 20 November

13 November 2016
Aerodynamics of SkyWay

12 November 2016
EcoTechnoPark: string rails on lightweight SkyWay track are installed

11 November 2016
Application of energy conservation law in innovative transport SkyWay

10 November 2016
Fitness of the future - SkyFitness

9 November 2016
SkyWay: the scale is growing and setting trends

7 November 2016
The schedule of conferences from 7 November to 13 November

Film - Yunitskiy's Sky Ways
Film "Yunitskiy's Sky Ways"

Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST Award UST



SkyWay presentation
SkyWay presentation


The monograph by Anatoly Ynitskiy - Transport Complex SkyWay: 100 questions - 100 answers
100 questions - 100 answers


SkyWay EcoTechnoPark
SkyWay EcoTechnoPark


Test site
Test site


High-speed SkyWay
High-speed SkyWay


City mounted SkyWay
City mounted SkyWay


City suspended SkyWay
City suspended SkyWay


Freight mounted SkyWay
Freight mounted SkyWay


Freight suspended SkyWay
Freight suspended SkyWay


SkyWay cargo port
SkyWay sea port


SkyWay development projects
SkyWay development projects




© 1977—2017 Anatoly Yunitskiy. All Rights Reserved.